Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (right) after reaching a deal on economic and security agreements.
Sudan's President, Omar al-Bashir (left) and South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (right) shake hands on the completion of a signing ceremony after the two countries reached a deal on economic and security agreements in Addis Ababa in September. The agreement was not implemented.
The Presidents of Sudan and South Sudan have concluded talks aimed at addressing outstanding economic, oil and security issues after tensions between the two nations nearly led to a return to war.
Talks between Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and his South Sudan counterpart Salva Kiir concluded in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia where an agreement was reached on temporary arrangements over a disputed oil-rich region claimed by both countries.
The agreement called for the creation of temporary administrative and security arrangements for the Abyei region, including the creation of a police service and a limited governing council.
Al-Bashir and Kiir agreed to reconvene another summit to discuss the final disposition of the disputed region.
South Sudan split from Sudan in 2011 as part of a peace deal that ended decades of war between the two sides. The war left almost two million people dead.
Soon after the split, tensions between the old foes escalated over outstanding issues, coming close to an all-out war in April.
South Sudan shut off its oil supply last year, accusing Sudan of stealing oil revenue. South Sudan got about 70% of the formerly united country's reserves when it became independent.
Both countries have seen hyperinflation and a squeeze on incoming foreign currency as a result of the shutdown.
In September, the leaders signed a deal to resume the nation's oil operations, but failed to address other key disputes. In addition to a deal to restart oil exports from South Sudan, the two presidents agreed on a demilitarised zone and principles of border demarcation. However, they failed at that meeting to reach a deal on the status of Abyei.
Neither country implemented the agreements from that meeting.